What new gun laws were passed in Colorado this year?

DENVER (KDVR) — Nearly a dozen gun control measures have been introduced during Colorado’s 2024 legislative session, with some already signed into law and others awaiting the governor’s signature.

FOX31 has compiled a list of all the gun-related measures, including when the new laws will or can take effect. The new laws would take effect at different times – some immediately and others from July 1, 2024 to July 1, 2025.

Colorado gun bills signed into law

Secure storage in vehicles

This law will take effect on January 1, 2025 and will require Colorado gun owners to secure firearms in their vehicles. The law requires that any weapon left unattended in a vehicle be locked and out of sight.

Anyone caught breaking the law could be fined up to $500.

Tracking arms purchases

The law will track gun and ammunition purchases across payment networks, a measure that gun reform advocates say will help track suspicious purchases that could precede a mass shooting. . It requires card payment companies to apply a specific “merchant category code” to gun and ammunition transactions in Colorado – something that is already done for other retailers, like grocery stores or gas stations .

Some parts of the law will come into force on September 1, 2024 and others on May 1, 2025.

Investigation of firearms crimes

This bill will give the Colorado Bureau of Investigation the authority to investigate certain gun crimes in the state, such as illegal transfers of firearms. It comes into force on August 7.

Unsigned gun receipts

As of May 20, the following bills have been approved by the Legislature but have not been signed by the governor.

These bills could be vetoed by the governor, preventing them from becoming law. Polis has until 30 days after the legislative session ends May 8 to sign or veto the bills before they automatically become law in early June.

Ban on firearms in “sensitive spaces”

A gun ban in so-called “sensitive” locations in Colorado would take effect July 1, 2024. The measure prohibits people from carrying firearms in certain sensitive spaces such as government buildings, schools and places of worship. vote.

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Local governments will be allowed to opt out of banning guns in government buildings, and at least one government — Douglas County — has already done so.

Concealed Carry Permit

This measure would increase the training required to obtain a concealed carry permit. It would require those applying for a permit to complete a live-fire task and obtain a standardized test score of at least 80% before obtaining a permit.

The law would come into effect on July 1, 2025.

Rules for firearms dealers

This bill would require gun dealers to obtain a license before selling firearms. It requires anyone wishing to obtain a state license to first have a federal firearms license. Violators could be fined up to $250,000.

If it becomes law, some parts would take effect immediately, while others would not take effect until July 1, 2025.

Arms and ammunition tax

A bill to add a 9 percent tax on all gun and ammunition purchases has been approved by the Legislature and is awaiting consideration by the governor. Since these are new taxes, voters will have to approve it in November before it becomes law.

Colorado’s Failed Gun Laws

Not all gun-related bills introduced this legislative session have passed.

Ban on semi-automatic firearms

A measure to ban the sale and transfer of semi-automatic firearms in the state – officially called the “Prohibiting Certain Weapons Used in Mass Shootings” bill – passed the House in a 35-vote vote 27, the most advanced legislation in this area in Colorado. But it was postponed indefinitely in the Senate committee.

Firearms Liability Insurance

Another bill would have required liability insurance for gun owners. The measure passed the House of Representatives by a vote of 33-29, but never made it past second reading in the Senate.

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Who is prohibited from having a firearm

A measure to expand the number of people banned from owning guns was introduced in the Senate, but never made it to the House floor.

Rules on firearms on school grounds

A bill that would have allowed only school security officers with specific training, a background check and a psychological evaluation to carry a gun on school grounds was introduced in the House but died in committee education. The bill also prohibits schools or law enforcement from storing firearms on school property.

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